Page 4 - 25 years after chornobyl accident : Safety for the future
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3.2.5. Epidemiological studies of health of the population living
in contaminated territories............................................................................................ 136

3.3. Early and long-term effects associated with irradiation ........................................................ 149

3.3.1. Acute radiation syndrome............................................................................................. 149

3.3.2. Radiation cataracts and other eye pathology ................................................................ 154
Immunological effects3.3.3.  ................................................................................................. 155

3.4. Effect of the complex factors of the Chernobyl disaster on public health ............................. 158

3.4.1. Neuropsychiatric effects............................................................................................... 158

3.4.2. Cardiovascular disease ................................................................................................ 164
3.4.3. Bronchopulmonary pathology ..................................................................................... 165

3.4.4. Pathology of the digestive tract .................................................................................... 166

3.4.5. Hematological effects................................................................................................... 168


4.SOCIOECONOMIC AND SOCIOPSYCHOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES

OF THE CHERNOBYL DISASTER: MAJOR PROBLEMS

AND PRESENT ASSESSMENTS OF POSSIBLE OPTIONS

FOR THE AFFECTED AREAS DEVELOPMENT .............................................................. 170 

4.1. Evaluation of economic expenses and losses related to the Chernobyl disaster .................... 170
4.1.1. Evaluation of loss to the USSR economy related to the Chernobyl disaster................ 170

4.1.2. Evaluation of total economic loss to Ukraine............................................................... 171 

4.2. Current major socioeconomic, social, and psychological problems

within the radioactively contaminated areas ......................................................................... 174 
4.2.1. Fears and level of health............................................................................................... 174 

4.2.2. State of the affected people, as per 1992 polls ............................................................. 175 

4.2.3. Eight and a half years after the accident....................................................................... 176 

4.2.4. Ten years after the Chernobyl accident ........................................................................ 178 
4.2.5. Twenty years after the Chernobyl disaster ................................................................... 178 

4.2.6. Results of 1997 social survey ....................................................................................... 180 

4.2.7. Activities of the Socio-psychological rehabilitation centres

and distribution of information to the affected individuals ......................................... 181 
4.2.8. Social lessons learned from Chernobyl ........................................................................ 182 

4.2.9. Nuclear power in Ukraine: attitude of Ukrainian people.............................................. 183

4.3. Dynamics analysis of the demographic, social, and psychological changes

in society caused by the Chernobyl disaster aftermath and ways
to overcome their negative development................................................................................ 184 

4.3.1. Demographic changes in Ukraine and within the radioactively contaminated areas .. 185 

4.3.2. Ways to overcome negative developments

of demographic, social and psychological changes
in the society caused by the Chernobyl disaster aftermath ........................................... 188 
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4.4. Nuclear and radiation risks as percepted by Ukrainian people and implementationr
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of the risk reduction methods into everyday life of Ukrainians ............................................. 188 us
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4.5. Implementing recommendations of UN Chernobyl Forum in Ukraine: accomplishmentel
of the projects for recovery and development of the affected areas and communities........... 191b
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SHELTER OBJECT CONVERSION INTO AN ECOLOGICALLY SAFE SYSTEM5.rn
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AND DECOMMISSIONING OF THE CHERNOBYL NPP ................................................ 194 c
5.1. Shelter Object conversion strategy ........................................................................................ 194-t
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5.1.1. Current status of Shelter Object nuclear and radiation safety ...................................... 194an
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